Once randomized, children will be followed up over a 28-day period, with telephone contact at 7, 14 and 21 days, and a face-to-face consultation at 28 days. Parents are also keeping a daily symptom diary to monitor their child’s progress, as well as filling in wellbeing questionnaires at the contact times. Pre- and post-treatment nasoparyngeal and saliva swabs are being taken to analyse bacterial resistance patterns.
CAP-IT is planned to be recruiting over the next two winters with a target cohort of around 2,500 children, so is still in its early phases. It’s one of the first major trials being run out of the new Children and Young People’s Research Unit, based at the Noah’s Ark Children’s Hospital for Wales. For anyone that is interested and wants to know more, or even get involved, please get in touch with WREN and we can point you in the right direction! Links to the protocol and website are included at the bottom of the article.
So, hopefully in a few years, we may understand this common condition a little better, but more importantly, the best way to treat it and ensure that treatment will continue working for the generations to come.
CAP-IT: Efficacy, safety and impact on antimicrobial resistance of duration and dose of amoxicillin treatment for young children with Community-Acquired Pneumonia (CAP): A randomized controlled trial.